Most importantly with long hairstyles, you have to prevent breakage which can cause fly-aways and unsightly layers that you didn't want to begin with. This process is whatever you make it; a few simple changes to your habits can make it an easy and fun process.
First step to preventing hair breakage is conditioning. When you condition your hair, try and find a strengthening shampoo and conditioner set, which many different brands offer. With long hairstyles you have to leave your conditioner on for at least 60 seconds, this way the conditioner really gets to the roots and scalp keeping your hair soft and healthy.
It is also important, especially with long hair since most people with long hairstyles become so tempted to throw their hair up with a ponytail holder, that you only use holders with no metal. You can find these in the hair care section at most any store, even the dollar store! Just make sure to never use the ponytail holders with the little metal part on them; it can rip your hair out causing more unsightly breakage.